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樟樹Camphor Tree (Zhangshu)

樟樹
 
臺灣的山林,可說是樟樹的故鄉,長久以來,一直是臺灣最主要的造林及綠化樹種,因此樟樹巨木常見於各地。
樟樹為常綠喬木,葉子呈現橢圓或卵形,葉子表面亮綠、葉背粉白,其果實成熟時呈紫黑色,是鳥類的珍饈。灰褐深沉的老樹幹上,有著一道道縱裂紋的深溝,便是歲月刻下的痕跡;再配上翠綠的葉,一股剛毅的氣息,伴隨著樟腦香淡淡地散發出來。樟樹除可用來提煉樟腦及樟腦油外,也是良好的雕刻、建築、家具用材,亦具有防蟲效果。
 
The mountains and forests of Taiwan can be said to be the homeland of Camphor trees (Zhangshu), and for a long time camphor trees have been the major species used for afforestation and greenification. Gigantic camphor specimens are to be seen everywhere in Taiwan.
Camphor trees are evergreen arbors, with oval- or egg-shaped leaves that have a bright-green surface and a grayish-white back. Their fruit, which turns purple-black when mature, are a favorite with birds. On the old, grey tree trunks one finds myriad deep, vertical cracks "carved" by the passing years. Combined with their jade-green leaves, the trees "radiate" a resolute, steadfast ambiance, with the slight aroma of camphor. In addition to their use in making camphor and camphor oil, the trees are also excellent for carving, building, and furniture; the wood is insect-proof.