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構樹Common Paper Mulberry (Goushu)

構樹
 
構樹有許多別名,如「楮樹」或「谷樹」,構樹整株均有其利用價值,早期養鹿人家常用它的嫩葉來餵養鹿,所以也俗稱「鹿仔樹」。構樹樹皮富含纖維是印製宣紙、棉紙及鈔票的好原料,植株整棵會分泌乳汁,可以製成糊料,乳汁乾燥後加工可製成金漆,也稱為奶樹。雌樹的圓形果實像叮噹般掛滿整株,橙紅的熟果可以食用,也能做成果醬。
構樹如同人一般有著男女的分別,雌雄異株,公樹的花是一根長條形的花束,形似毛毛蟲。母樹的花則是圓形的花球。
 
The Common Paper Mulberry (Goushu) has many aliases, including "Chushu" and "Gushu." In days of old deer herders fed their deer with the tender leaves, and so it is also called "Deer Tree" (Luzishu). The tree bark is rich in fiber, making it useful in making rice paper, cotton paper, and bank notes. The entire plant lactates, and the milk can be used to make paste, or dried and processed to make gold paint, giving rise to another name, "Milk Tree" (Naishu). The round fruit hang on the full female tree like jingles; the orange-red mature fruit are edible, and also suitable for making jam.
Like human beings, the Common Paper Mulberry has a male and female version, i.e. they are dioecious. The male flowers have a strip shape like a caterpillar; the female flowers are round like a ball.