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五色鳥Taiwan Barbet or Five-Colored Bird (Wuseniao)

 

五色鳥
 
五色鳥是臺灣瀕臨絕種保育類動物,因其羽毛有五種顏色而得名。
身長約20~23公分,鳥喙上黑色嘴鬚發達,身體多為翠綠色,頭部大部份為藍色,額頭和喉部有黃色分布,眼睛前和前頸有小部份紅色,眼部至耳羽上方則為黑色,粗厚嘴部為黑色,因其羽毛顏色多彩繽紛,而被稱作「花和尚」。五色鳥叫聲單調卻響亮,類似敲木魚「叩叩叩……」。五色鳥較喜歡很多枯立木的樹林,方便築巢。
 
Taiwan Barbets (Wuseniao) are an endangered and protected Taiwan species. The name "Wuse" (five colors) is from the five colors on their feathers.
Their body length is between 20 and 23cm, and there are many black tassels on their beaks. The color of their bodies is mainly emerald, the head is mostly blue, some yellow color can be seen on the forehead and the throat, a small portion of red color can be found in front of the eyes and the front neck, the eyes and on top of the ear feathers are black, the beak is black. Due to their colorful feathers, they are also called "Flowery Monk" (Huaheshang). The sound of these barbets is monotonous but loud and clear, like knocking at a wooden fish (a Buddhist percussion instrument). They prefer woods with a lot of dead woods where they can easily build their nests.