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臺北自來水園區 環境教育中心

生態類

稜果榕Angular Fruit Fig or Hauil Fig Tree (Lingguorong)

 

稜果榕
 
稜果榕是臺灣原生種植物,因果實表面有突起的稜,故稱為稜果榕。其莖的主幹粗且很堅硬,支持力強,可持續增高及加粗。
稜果榕也是獼猴、螞蟻、昆蟲、鳥類的最愛,動物吃完後不易消化,果實會隨著糞便排出,藉此媒介繁衍。
稜果榕有一些鑑定特徵:稜果榕葉為長橢圓狀或倒卵形。因為葉子較其他榕樹大,所以又名「大葉榕」;稜果榕的乳汁很多,輕輕的一劃或摘片葉子,就有很多乳白色的汁液流出;稜果榕的隱花果,有縱稜及灰白色斑點。
 
The Angular Fruit Fig (Lingguorong) is an indigenous Taiwan plant. The name comes from the angular fruit surface. The main trunk is thick and hard, allowing the trees to grow higher and thicker.
The fruit is a favorite of macaques, ants, insects, and birds. Since it is not easily digested, it passes through the digestive system and is contained within excrement, enabling the seed to "travel" and propagate.
There are certain features useful for identification: (1) The leaves are long and oval-shaped or reverse-egg-shaped. Since the leaves are bigger than tcommon banyan leaves, they are also called "Big-Leaf Banyan" (Dayerong). (2) They are rich in milk – one shallow cut or a pluck of a leaf will engender significant leakage of grey-white juice. (3) Vertical edges and grey-white spots cover the syconus.